Thus, on the one hand the increasing concern of Cambodian public opinion for the security of over half a million Khmers inadequately and exposed to all kinds of vexations, and on the other hand the inalienable rights of Cambodia over the Cochin-China territories, place upon the Cambodian Government the responsibility of providing world opinion with an objective picture of the situation. In connection with the above, it may be appropriate to draw the attention of the Member States of the United Nations to repeated violations of Cambodian’s borders by elements of South Viet-Nam’s regular armed forces, followed by acts of violence upon Cambodians living in border areas. The erection of military outpost along the same borders, and the concentration of considerable South Viet-Namesed forces (roughly estimated at twice the strength of the Royal Khmer Armed Forces) 200 r 300 yards from the frontier give cause for legitimate concern to both the Royal government and the Cambodian people. We drew the attention of the International Supervisory Commission on the implementation of the 1954 Geneva Agreements on a cease-fire in Indo-China to those disturbing which constitute a possible threat to peace in that part of the world. The attached Annex gives and idea of the importance of those preparations and of their emotional impact on Cambodian opinion.. The Cambodian Government is staunchly attached to its policy of peace, and it entertains no antagonistic feelings towards neighboring countries, whose nationals living in Cambodia enjoy the full exercise of their rights. In that spirit, it wishes to call the attention of all Nations to the serious nature of the maltreatment inflicted upon the Khmers of Cochin-China, as well as to the need for a fair settlement of the territorial question of Cochin-China, since the continuance of such a situation is liable to endanger the maintenance of peace in that region with the possibility that world peace and security might eventually be impaired, a prospect which no generous-minded man and no nation truly to the cause of peace and justice can possibly ignore. ANNEX REINFORCEMENT OF SOUTH-VIETNAMESE TROOPS ALONG THE CAMBODIAN FRONTIER Since 1956, the South-Vietnams authorities have continually reinforced their troop along the Cambodian frontier. This unusual deployment of South-Vietnamese forces, which is certainly on a larger scale than that necessary to put down pillage in frontier regions, gives cause for concern. The Cambodian press and the foreign press in Cambodia continually draw attention to this disposition of troops and are unanimous in expressing the anxiety of the peace-loving population of Cambodia. According to the report in the newspaper “San Hoa du Pao” of 4 September, 1957, the following troops have been placed along the Cambodian frontier: Province of Swayrieng: 4 military posts, each with 150-200 men, all close to the frontier, a large post at Tayninh (South-Vietnam), with an effective force of 4,000 men and destined to receive 60,000 recruits. Province of Kompong Cham: 1 military post of 300 men, 2 kilometres from the Cambodian frontier, another post under construction. Province of Kampot: 2 military posts already existent of which the garrisons have been reinforced. Two new posts under construction. Reinforcement of equipment and personnel at the aerodrome of Hatien (1,00 new soldiers in the Hatien region). Province of Kratie: 5 new posts with personnel equal to two companies have placed a few hundred metres from the Cambodian frontier. Province of Prey Veng: Concentration of troops 3 kilometers from the frontier. 4 warships about 3 kilometers from Cambodian frontier.