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Geography of Kampuchea-Krom

Kampuchea-Krom literally means “the lower land of Kampuchea.” “Krom” in Khmer also means “below” to indicate "Southern" part of Cambodia. Kampuchea-Krom was the southernmost territory of the Khmer Empire, and was once known as Cochinchina (French). It covers an area of 67,700 km2 with Cambodia to the North, the Gulf of Thailand to the West, the South China Sea to the South and the Champa's territory to the Northeast. Today, Kampuchea-Krom is the south-western part of Vietnam, known in Vietnamese as Tây Nam Bộ.

The Vietnamese authorities changed all the locality names of villages, districts, cities, and provinces from Khmer to Vietnamese. The same thing is being done today in Cambodia. For example, “Phnom Penh” is called “Nam Vang” by the Vietnamese.

Kampuchea-Krom originally consists of four provinces DO NAI, LONG HOR, MOTH CHROUK and PEAM, later on divided into 21 provinces and 1 Port: Kompong Krobey (Bến Nghé). Kampuchea-Krom also has two big islands: Koh Trol (Phú Quốc) and Koh Trolach (Côn Sơn). 

There are two long rivers in Kampuchea-Krom: the Mekong river (Sông Tiền) and Bassac river (Sông Hậu). The approximately length of each river ranges from 200-250 km. These two rivers bring lots of silts for the Mekong Delta.

Map of Kampuchea-Krom

Map of Kampuchea-Krom

Names of Provinces, Port and Islands in Kampuchea-Krom

 

Khmer Name

Vietnamese Name

Provinces

ខេត្ត - Khet

Tỉnh

1

ព្រៃនគរ -Prey Nokor

Sài Gòn

2

ទួលតាមោក - Toul Tamoak

Thủ Dầu Một

3

ចង្វាត្រពាំង  - Chongva Tropeang

Biên Hòa

4

ព្រះសួគ៌ា - Preah Suorkea

Bà Rịa

5

អូកាប់ - O-Kab

Vũng Tàu

6

រោងដំរី  - Raung Domrei

Tây Ninh

7

កំពង់គោ  - Kampong Kou

Long An

8

មេស - Me Sor

Mỹ Tho

9

កោះគង Koh Kaung

Gò Công

10

កំពង់ឫស្សី  - Kampong Russey

Bến Tre

11

លង់ហោរ - Long Hor

Long Hồ

12

ផ្សារដែក - Phsa Dek

Sa Đéc

13

ព្រះត្រពាំង - Preah Trapeang

Trà Vinh

14

ព្រែកឫស្សី - Prek Russey

Cần Thơ

15

បារ៉ាជ - Barach

Long Xuyên

16

មាត់ជ្រូក - Moth Chrouk

Châu Đốc

17

ពាម - Peam

Hà Tiên

18

ក្រមួនស  - Kramoun Sor

Rạch Giá

19

ឃ្លាំង - Khleang

Sóc Trăng

20

ពលលាវ - Pol Leav

Bạc Liêu

21

ទឹកខ្មៅ  - Teuk Khmau

Cà Mau

Port

កំពង់ផែ   - Kompong Pe

Cảng

1

កំពង់ក្របី -   Kampong Krobey

Bến Nghé

Islands

កោះ - Koh

Đảo

1

កោះត្រឡាច - Koh Tralach

Côn Sơn

2

កោះត្រល់ - Koh Trol

Phú Quốc

 

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